Whether the integration of eye-tracking, gait, and corresponding dual-task analysis can distinguish cognitive impairment (CI) patients from controls remains unclear.
One thousand four hundred eighty-one participants, including 724 CI and 757 controls, were enrolled in this study. Eye movement and gait, combined with dual-task patterns, were measured. The LightGBM machine learning models were constructed.
A total of 105 gait and eye-tracking features were extracted. Forty-six parameters, including 32 gait and 14 eye-tracking features, showed significant differences between two groups (P < 0.05). Of these, the Gait_3Back-TurnTime and Dual-task cost-TurnTime patterns were significantly correlated with plasma phosphorylated tau 181 (p-tau181) level. A model based on dual-task gait, dual-task smooth pursuit, prosaccade, and anti-saccade achieved the best area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) of 0.987 for CI detection, while combined with p-tau181, the model discriminated mild cognitive impairment from controls with an AUC of 0.824.
Combining dual-task gait and dual-task eye-tracking analysis is feasible for the detection of CI.
This is the first study to report the efficiency of integrated parameters of dual-task gait and eye-tracking for cognitive impairment (CI) detection in a large cohort.
We identified 46 gait and eye-tracking features associated with CI, and two were correlated to plasma phosphorylated tau 181.
We constructed the model based on dual-task gait, smooth pursuit, prosaccade, and anti-saccade, achieving the best area under the curve of 0.987 for CI detection.
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This post is Copyright: Jingyi Lin,
Bin Jiao | October 25, 2023