The National Institute on Aging – Alzheimer’s Association (NIA-AA) ATN research framework proposes to use biomarkers for amyloid (A), tau (T), and neurodegeneration (N) to stage individuals with AD pathological features and track changes longitudinally. The overall aim was to utilize this framework to characterize pre-mortem ATN status longitudinally in a clinically diagnosed cohort of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and to correlate it with the post mortem diagnosis.
The cohort was subtyped by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ATN category. A subcohort had longitudinal data, and a subgroup was neuropathologically evaluated.
We observed a significant difference in Aβ42/40 after 12 months in the A+T− group. Post mortem neuropathologic analyses indicated that most of the p-Tau 181 positive (T+) cases also had a high Braak stage.
This suggests that DLB patients who are A+ but T− may need to be monitored to determine whether they remain A+ or ever progress to T positivity.

Some A+T- DLB subjects transition from A+ to negative after 12-months.
Clinically diagnosed DLB with LBP-AD (A+T+) maintain their positivity.
Clinically diagnosed DLB with LBP-AD (A+T+) maintain their positivity.
Monitoring of the A+T- sub-type of DLB may be necessary.

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This post is Copyright: Lavanya Jain,
Maria Khrestian,
Shane Formica,
Elizabeth D. Tuason,
Jagan A. Pillai,
Stephen Rao,
Odinachi Oguh,
Carol F. Lippa,
Oscar L. Lopez,
Sarah B. Berman,
Debby W. Tsuang,
Cyrus P. Zabetian,
David J. Irwin,
Douglas R. Galasko,
Irene Litvan,
Karen S. Marder,
Lawrence S. Honig,
Jori E. Fleisher,
James E. Galvin,
Andrea C. Bozoki,
Angela S. Taylor,
Marwan N. Sabbagh,
James B. Leverenz,
Lynn M. Bekris | September 24, 2023

Wiley: Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Table of Contents