Atypical variants of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) include the visual variant, known as posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), and the language variant, known as logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA). Clinically, rates of disease progression differ between them.
We evaluated 34 PCA and 29 LPA participants. Structural magnetic resonance imaging and 18F-flortaucipir positron emission tomography were performed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Rates of change in tau uptake and grey matter volumes were compared between PCA and LPA with linear mixed-effects models and voxel-based analyses.
PCA had faster rates of occipital atrophy. LPA had faster rates of left temporal atrophy and faster rates of tau accumulation in the parietal, right temporal, and occipital lobes. Age was negatively associated with rates of atrophy and tau accumulation.
Longitudinal patterns of neuroimaging abnormalities differed between PCA and LPA, although with divergent results for tau accumulation and atrophy.
The language variant of Alzheimer’s disease accumulates tau faster than the visual variant.
Each variant shows faster rates of atrophy than the other in its signature regions.
Age negatively influences rates of atrophy and tau accumulation in both variants.
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This post is Copyright: Irene Sintini,
Christopher G. Schwarz,
Mary M. Machulda,
Neha Atulkumar Singh,
Arenn F. Carlos,
Matthew L. Senjem,
Clifford R. Jack Jr,
Val J. Lowe,
Keith A. Josephs,
Jennifer L. Whitwell | July 24, 2023