Few studies have examined the associations of psychosocial factors with cognitive change in Hispanics/Latinos.
Data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (HCHS/SOL INCA) and Sociocultural studies were used (n = 2,155; ages ≥45 years). Psychosocial exposures included intrapersonal (ethnic identity, optimism, purpose in life), interpersonal (family cohesion, familism, social networks, social support), and social factors (ethnic discrimination, loneliness, subjective social status). Survey-linear regression models examined associations between psychosocial exposures and 7-year cognitive change (global cognition [GC], verbal learning, memory, word fluency [WF], and digit symbol substitution [DSS]).
Familism predicted decline in GC, verbal learning, and memory; family cohesion predicted DSS decline; and loneliness predicted memory decline. Ethnic identity was protective against decline in GC and memory, optimism and social support were protective against decline in memory, and purpose in life was protective against WF decline.
Psychosocial factors are differentially related to cognitive changes. Culturally relevant factors should be explored in Hispanic/Latino cognitive aging research.

Psychosocial factors are differentially related to cognitive changes in Latinos.
Role of culturally relevant factors on cognition should be further explored.
Familism predicted decline in global cognition, verbal learning, and memory.
Ethnic identity predicted increase in global cognition and memory.

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This post is Copyright: Mayra L. Estrella,
Wassim Tarraf,
Sayaka Kuwayama,
Linda C. Gallo,
Benson Wu,
María J. Marquine,
Krista M. Perreira,
Priscilla M. Vasquez,
Carmen R. Isasi,
Richard B. Lipton,
Josiemer Mattei,
Hector M. González,
Martha L. Daviglus,
Melissa Lamar | October 29, 2023

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