Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Volume 37, Issue 7, Page 466-474, July 2023. BackgroundFollowing a spinal cord injury, regaining hand function is a top priority. Current hand assessments are conducted in clinics, which may not fully represent real-world hand function. Grasp strategies used in the home environment are an important consideration when examining the impact of rehabilitation interventions.ObjectiveThe main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between grasp use at home and clinical scores.MethodWe used a previously collected dataset in which 21 individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) recorded egocentric video while performing activities of daily living in their homes. We manually annotated 4432 hand-object interactions into power, precision, intermediate, and non-prehensile grasps. We examined the distributions of grasp types used and their relationships with clinical assessments.ResultsModerate to strong correlations were obtained between reliance on power grasp and the Spinal Cord Independence Measure III (SCIM; P < .05), the upper extremity motor score (UEMS; P < .01), and the Graded Redefined Assessment of Strength Sensibility and Prehension (GRASSP) Prehension (P < .01) and Strength (P < .01). Negative correlations were observed between the proportion of non-prehensile grasping and SCIM (P < .05), UEMS (P < .05), and GRASSP Prehension (P < .01) and Strength (P < .01).ConclusionThe types of grasp types used in naturalistic activities at home are related to upper limb impairment after cervical SCI. This study provides the first direct demonstration of the importance of hand grasp analysis in the home environment.

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This post is Copyright: Mehdy Dousty | June 5, 2023
SAGE Publications Inc STM: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair: Table of Contents