Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Volume 37, Issue 8, Page 530-544, August 2023. BackgroundRecovery of quiet standing balance early poststroke has been poorly investigated using repeated measurements.ObjectiveTo investigate (1) the time course of steady-state balance in terms of postural stability and inter-limb symmetry, and (2) longitudinal associations with lower limb motor recovery in the first 3 months poststroke.MethodsForty-eight hemiparetic subjects (age: 58.9 ± 16.1 years) were evaluated at weeks 3, 5, 8, and 12 poststroke. Motor impairments concerned the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FM-LE) and Motricity Index total score (MI-LE) or ankle item separately (MI-ankle). Postural stability during quiet 2-legged stance was calculated as the net center-of-pressure area (COPArea) and direction-dependent velocities (COPVel-ML and COPVel-AP). Dynamic control asymmetry (DCA) and weight-bearing asymmetry (WBA) estimated inter-limb symmetries in balance control and loading. Linear mixed models determined (1) time-dependent change and (2) the between- and within-subject associations between motor impairments and postural stability or inter-limb symmetry.ResultsTime-dependent improvements were significant for FM-LE, MI-LE, MI-ankle, COPArea, COPVel-ML, and COPVel-AP, and tended to plateau by week 8. DCA and WBA did not exhibit significant change. Between-subject analyses yielded significant regression coefficients for FM-LE, MI-LE, and MI-ankle scores with COPArea, COPVel-ML, and COPVel-AP up until week 8, and with WBA until week 12. Within-subject regression coefficients of motor recovery with change in COPArea, COPVel-ML, COPVel-AP, DCA, or WBA were generally non-significant.ConclusionsPostural stability improved significantly in the first 8 weeks poststroke, independent of lower limb motor recovery at the most affected side within subjects. Our findings suggest that subjects preferred to compensate with their less affected side, making metrics reflecting inter-limb asymmetries in balance invariant for change early poststroke.Clinical Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov. unique identifier NCT03728036.
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This post is Copyright: Jonas Schröder | August 19, 2023
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