Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Volume 37, Issue 8, Page 545-553, August 2023. BackgroundThe Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) is a widely used outcome measure for quantifying motor impairment in stroke recovery. Meaningful change (responsiveness) in the acute to subacute phase of stroke recovery has not been determined.ObjectiveDetermine responsiveness and sensitivity to change of the FMA-UE from 1-week to 6-weeks (subacute) after stroke in individuals with moderate to severe arm impairment who received standard clinical care.MethodsA total of 51 participants with resulting moderate and severe UE hemiparesis after stroke had FMA-UE assessment at baseline (within 2 weeks of stroke) and 6-weeks later. Sensitivity to change was assessed using Glass’s delta, standardized response means (SRM), standard error of measure (SEM), and minimal detectable change (MDC). Responsiveness was assessed with the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), estimated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis with patient-reported global rating of change scales (GROC) and a provider-reported modified Rankin Scale (mRS) as anchors.ResultsThe MCID estimates were 13, 12, and 9 anchored to the GROC Arm Weakness, GROC Recovery, and mRS. Glass’s delta and the SRM revealed large effect sizes, indicating high sensitivity to change, (∆ = 1.24, 95% CI [0.64, 1.82], SRM = 1.10). Results for the SEM and MDC were 2.46 and 6.82, respectively.ConclusionThe estimated MCID for the FMA-UE for individuals with moderate to severe motor impairment from 1 to 6-weeks after stroke is 13. These estimates will provide clinical context for FMA-UE change scores by helping to identify the change in upper-extremity motor impairment that is both beyond measurement error and clinically meaningful.
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This post is Copyright: Baothy P. Huynh | July 24, 2023
SAGE Publications Inc STM: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair: Table of Contents