The RNA modification N6-methyladenosine (m6A) regulates the interaction between RNA and various RNA binding proteins within the nucleus and other subcellular compartments and has recently been shown to be involved in experience-dependent plasticity, learning, and memory. Using m6A RNA-sequencing, we have discovered a distinct population of learning-related m6A- modified RNAs at the synapse, which includes the long noncoding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (Malat1). RNA immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry revealed 12 new synapse-specific learning-induced m6A readers in the mPFC of male C57/BL6 mice, with m6A-modified Malat1 binding to a subset of these, including CYFIP2 and DPYSL2. In addition, a cell type- and synapse-specific, and state-dependent, reduction of m6A on Malat1 impairs fear-extinction memory; an effect that likely occurs through a disruption in the interaction between Malat1 and DPYSL2 and an associated decrease in dendritic spine formation. These findings highlight the critical role of m6A in regulating the functional state of RNA during the consolidation of fear-extinction memory, and expand the repertoire of experience-dependent m6A readers in the synaptic compartment.
SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT We have discovered that learning-induced m6A-modified RNA (including the long noncoding RNA, Malat1) accumulates in the synaptic compartment. We have identified several new m6A readers that are associated with fear extinction learning and demonstrate a causal relationship between m6A-modified Malat1 and the formation of fear-extinction memory. These findings highlight the role of m6A in regulating the functional state of an RNA during memory formation and expand the repertoire of experience-dependent m6A readers in the synaptic compartment.
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This post is Copyright: Madugalle, S. U., Liau, W.-S., Zhao, Q., Li, X., Gong, H., Marshall, P. R., Periyakaruppiah, A., Zajaczkowski, E. L., Leighton, L. J., Ren, H., Musgrove, M. R. B., Davies, J. W. A., Kim, G., Rauch, S., He, C., Dickinson, B. C., Fulopova, B., Fletcher, L. N., Williams, S. R., Spitale, R. C., Bredy, T. W. | October 26, 2023
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