The connection between periodontitis and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) continues to receive attention. However, whether periodontitis is a risk factor for MCI remains still uncertain. This study aims to systematically analyze the available literature regarding the relationship between periodontitis and the risk of developing MCI and whether the periodontal health of MCI patients is poorer. A literature search of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science databases was conducted to include all studies on the relationship between periodontitis and MCI from inception to April 2023. The studies were independently screened by 2 researchers, and those meeting the inclusion criteria were extracted and cross-checked. Pooled odds ratio (OR) or mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated using either a fixed-effects or random-effects model. Seven studies with a total of 3,973 participants were included. Meta-analysis results showed a statistically significant higher incidence of MCI in patients with periodontitis (OR, 1.70 (95% CI: 1.24–2.32, < 0.001) compared to healthy participants. A subgroup meta-analysis showed that the pooled OR for the risk of MCI in patients with severe periodontitis was 2.09 (95% CI: 1.49–2.92, < 0.001). In addition, attachment loss (MD = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.12–0.75, < 0.001) and plaque index (MD = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.50–0.93, < 0.001) were higher in MCI patients compared with the control group, but the pocket probing depth (MD = 0.21, 95% CI: −0.08 to 0.49, = 0.15) was not significantly different between the two groups. Patients with periodontitis are at a higher risk of developing MCI, and the periodontal health of MCI patients is generally compromised. However, further well-designed studies should be conducted to confirm this relationship between MCI and periodontitis.

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This post is Copyright: | April 18, 2024
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders – Scholars Portal