Background and Purpose
Choroid plexus (ChP) hyperemia has been observed in patients with intracranial vasculopathy and to reduce following successful surgical revascularization. This observation may be attributable to impaired vascular reserve of the ChP or other factors, such as the ChP responding to circulating markers of stress. We extend this work to test the hypothesis that vascular reserve of the ChP is unrelated to intracranial vasculopathy.
We performed hypercapnic reactivity (blood oxygenation level-dependent; echo time = 35 ms; spatial resolution = 3.5 × 3.5 × 3.5 mm, repetition time = 2000 ms) and catheter angiography assessments of ChP reserve capacity and vascular patency in moyamoya patients (n = 53) with and without prior surgical revascularization. Time regression analyses quantified maximum cerebrovascular reactivity and reactivity delay time in ChP and cortical flow territories of major intracranial vessels with steno-occlusion graded as <70%, 70%-99%, and occlusion using Warfarin-Aspirin-Symptomatic-Intracranial-Disease stenosis grading criteria. Analysis of variance (significance: two-sided Bonferroni-corrected p < .05) was applied to evaluate cortical and ChP reactivity, after accounting for end-tidal carbon dioxide change, for differing vasculopathy categories.
In patients without prior revascularization, arterial vasculopathy was associated with reduced cortical reactivity and lengthened reactivity delay (p ≤ .01), as expected. Regardless of surgical history, the ChP reactivity metrics were not significantly related to the degree of proximal stenosis, consistent with ChP reactivity being largely preserved in this population.
Findings are consistent with ChP reactivity in moyamoya not being dependent on observed vasculopathy. Future work may investigate the extent to which ChP hyperemia in chronic ischemia reflects circulating markers of glial or ischemic stress.

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This post is Copyright: Caleb Han,
Spencer Waddle,
Maria Garza,
Larry T. Davis,
Jarrod J. Eisma,
Wesley T. Richerson,
Matthew Fusco,
Rohan Chitale,
Chelsea Custer,
Colin D. McKnight,
Lori C. Jordan,
Manus J. Donahue | January 10, 2024
Wiley: Journal of Neuroimaging: Table of Contents