Background and Purpose
In acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO), the relationship between cerebral oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) as the hallmark of the ischemic penumbra and leptomeningeal collateral supply is not well established. We aimed to investigate the relationship between pial collateralization and tissue oxygen extraction in patients with LVO using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Data from 14 patients with anterior circulation LVO who underwent MRI before acute stroke treatment were analyzed. In addition to diffusion-weighted imaging and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI), the protocol comprised sequences for multiparametric quantitative blood-oxygen-level-dependent imaging for the calculation of relative OEF (rOEF). Pial collateral supply was quantitatively assessed by analyzing the signal variance in T2*-weighted PWI time series. Relationships between collateral supply, infarct volume, rOEF in peri-infarct hypoperfused tissue, and clinical stroke severity were assessed.
The PWI-based parameter quantifying collateral supply was negatively correlated with baseline ischemic core volume and rOEF in the hypoperfused peri-infarct area (p < .01). Both reduced collateral supply and increased rOEF correlated significantly with higher scores on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (p < .05). Increased rOEF within hypoperfused tissue was associated with higher baseline (p = .043) and follow-up infarct volume (p = .009).
Signal variance-based mapping of collaterals with PWI depicts pial collateral supply, which is closely tied to tissue pathophysiology and clinical and imaging outcomes. Magnetic-resonance-derived mapping of cerebral rOEF reveals penumbral characteristics of hypoperfused tissue and might provide a promising imaging biomarker in AIS.

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This post is Copyright: Franziska Frank,
Stephan Kaczmarz,
Christine Preibisch,
Ralf Deichmann,
Ulrike Nöth,
Marlies Wagner,
Alexander Seiler | June 27, 2024
Wiley: Journal of Neuroimaging: Table of Contents