Background and Purpose
In large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke patients, relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF)<30% volume thresholds are commonly used in treatment decisions. In the early time window, nearly infarcted but salvageable tissue volumes may lead to pretreatment overestimates of infarct volume, and thus potentially exclude patients who may otherwise benefit from intervention. Our multisite analysis aims to explore the strength of relationships between widely used pretreatment CT parameters and clinical outcomes for early window stroke patients.
Patients from two sites in a prospective registry were analyzed. Patients with LVOs, presenting within 3 hours of last known well, and who were successfully reperfused were included. Primary short-term neurological outcome was percent National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) change from admission to discharge. Secondary long-term outcome was 90-day modified Rankin score. Spearman’s correlations were performed. Significance was attributed to p-value ≤.05.
Among 73 patients, median age was 66 (interquartile range 54-76) years. Among all pretreatment imaging parameters, rCBF<30%, rCBF<34%, and rCBF<38% volumes were significantly, inversely correlated with percentage NIHSS change (p<.048). No other parameters significantly correlated with outcomes.
Our multisite analysis shows that favorable short-term neurological recovery was significantly correlated with rCBF volumes in the early time window. However, modest strength of correlations provides supportive evidence that the applicability of general ischemic core estimate thresholds in this subpopulation is limited. Our results support future larger-scale efforts to liberalize or reevaluate current rCBF parameter thresholds guiding treatment decisions for early time window stroke patients.

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This post is Copyright: Manisha Koneru,
Meisam Hoseinyazdi,
Dhairya A. Lakhani,
Cynthia Greene,
Karen Copeland,
Richard Wang,
Risheng Xu,
Licia Luna,
Justin M. Caplan,
Adam A. Dmytriw,
Adrien Guenego,
Jeremy J. Heit,
Gregory W. Albers,
Max Wintermark,
Luis F. Gonzalez,
Victor C. Urrutia,
Judy Huang,
Kambiz Nael,
Richard Leigh,
Elisabeth B. Marsh,
Argye E. Hillis,
Rafael H. Llinas,
Vivek S. Yedavalli | March 11, 2024
Wiley: Journal of Neuroimaging: Table of Contents