Background and Purpose
Transorbital sonography (TOS) provides a noninvasive tool to detect intracranial pressure by assessing optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and optic disc elevation (ODE). The utility of TOS in the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has been increasingly recognized.
A single-center case-control study sought to compare TOS-acquired ONSD and ODE among IIH-cases versus patients with other neurological diseases (controls). Furthermore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to present pooled mean differences and diagnostic measures of ONSD and ODE between IIH-cases and controls.
In the single-center study, consisting of 31 IIH-cases and 34 sex- and age-matched controls, ONSD values were higher among IIH-cases than controls (p<.001), while ODE was more prevalent in cases (65% vs. 15%; p<.001). The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC)-curve analysis revealed that the optimal cutoff value of ONSD for predicting IIH was 5.15 mm, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.914 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.861-0.967) and sensitivity and specificity values of 85% and 90%, respectively. In a meta-analysis of 14 included studies with 415 IIH-cases, ONSD and ODE values were higher in IIH-cases than controls (mean difference in ONSD 1.20 mm; 95% CI: 0.96-1.44 mm and in ODE 0.3 mm; 95% CI: 0.33-0.67 mm). With regard to ONSD, pooled sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio were calculated at 85.5% (95% CI: 77.9-90.8%), 90.7% (95% CI: 84.6-94.5%), and 57.394 (95% CI: 24.597-133.924), respectively. The AUC in summary ROC-curve analysis was 0.878 (95% CI: 0.858-0.899) with an optimal cutoff point of 5.0 mm.
TOS has a high diagnostic utility for the noninvasive diagnosis of IIH and may deserve wider implementation in everyday clinical practice.

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This post is Copyright: Eleni Bakola,
Lina Palaiodimou,
Andreas Eleftheriou,
Katerina Foska,
Anastasia Pikouli,
Maria Stefanatou,
Maria Chondrogianni,
Georgios Velonakis,
Elissavet Andreadou,
Marianna Papadopoulou,
Theodoros Karapanayiotides,
Christos Krogias,
Chrysa Arvaniti,
Georgios Tsivgoulis | January 10, 2024
Wiley: Journal of Neuroimaging: Table of Contents