We aimed to investigate the effect of apolipoprotein E4 (APOE) ε4 on synaptic density in cognitively impaired (CI) participants.
One hundred ten CI participants underwent amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-florbetapir and synaptic density PET with 18F-SynVesT-1. We evaluated the influence of APOE ε4 allele on synaptic density and investigated the effects of ε4 genotype on the associations of synaptic density with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) biomarkers. The mediation effects of AD biomarkers on ε4-associated synaptic density loss were analyzed.
Compared with non-carriers, APOE ε4 allele carriers exhibited significant synaptic loss in the medial temporal lobe. Amyloid beta (Aβ) and tau pathology mediated the effects of APOE ε4 on synaptic density to different extents. The associations between synaptic density and tau pathology were regulated by the APOE ε4 genotype.
The APOE ε4 allele was associated with decreased synaptic density in CI individuals and may be driven by AD biomarkers.

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This post is Copyright: Kun He,
Binyin Li,
Jie Wang,
Ying Wang,
Zhiwen You,
Xing Chen,
Haijuan Chen,
Junpeng Li,
Qi Huang,
Qihao Guo,
Yiyun Henry Huang,
Yihui Guan,
Kewei Chen,
Jun Zhao,
Yulei Deng,
Fang Xie | March 13, 2024

Wiley: Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Table of Contents