TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is a highly prevalent proteinopathy that is involved in neurodegenerative processes, including axonal damage. To date, no ante mortem biomarkers exist for TDP-43, and few studies have directly assessed its impact on neuroimaging measures utilizing pathologic quantification.
Ante mortem diffusion-weighted images were obtained from community-dwelling older adults. Regression models calculated the relationship between post mortem TDP-43 burden and ante mortem fractional anisotropy (FA) within each voxel in connection with the hippocampus, controlling for coexisting Alzheimer’s disease and demographics.
Results revealed a significant negative relationship (false discovery rate [FDR] corrected p < .05) between post mortem TDP-43 and ante mortem FA in one cluster within the left medial temporal lobe connecting to the parahippocampal cortex, entorhinal cortex, and cingulate, aligning with the ventral subdivision of the cingulum. FA within this cluster was associated with cognition.
Greater TDP-43 burden is associated with lower FA within the limbic system, which may contribute to impairment in learning and memory.

Post mortem TDP-43 pathological burden is associated with reduced ante mortem fractional anisotropy.
Reduced FA located in the parahippocampal portion of the cingulum.
FA in this area was associated with reduced episodic and semantic memory.
FA in this area was associated with increased inward hippocampal surface deformation.

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This post is Copyright: Ashley Heywood,
Jane Stocks,
Julie A. Schneider,
Konstantinos Arfanakis,
David A. Bennett,
Mirza Faisal Beg,
Lei Wang | June 15, 2024

Wiley: Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Table of Contents