Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Individuals in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods exhibit increased risk for impaired cognitive function. Whether this association relates to the major dementia-related neuropathologies is unknown.
METHODS
This cross-sectional study included 469 autopsy cases from 2011 to 2023. The relationships between neighborhood disadvantage measured by Area Deprivation Index (ADI) percentiles categorized into tertiles, cognition evaluated by the last Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores before death, and 10 dementia-associated proteinopathies and cerebrovascular disease were assessed using regression analyses.
RESULTS
Higher ADI was significantly associated with lower MMSE score. This was mitigated by increasing years of education. ADI was not associated with an increase in dementia-associated neuropathologic change. Moreover, the significant association between ADI and cognition remained even after controlling for changes in major dementia-associated proteinopathies or cerebrovascular disease.
DISCUSSION
Neighborhood disadvantage appears to be associated with decreased cognitive reserve. This association is modified by education but is independent of the major dementia-associated neuropathologies.


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This post is Copyright: Boram Kim,
Isabel Yannatos,
Kaitlin Blam,
Douglas Wiebe,
Sharon X. Xie,
Corey T. McMillan,
Dawn Mechanic‚ÄźHamilton,
David A. Wolk,
Edward B. Lee | February 24, 2024

Wiley: Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Table of Contents