Variants in ABCA7, a member of the ABC transporter superfamily, have been associated with increased risk for developing late onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD).
CRISPR-Cas9 was used to generate an Abca7V1613M
variant in mice, modeling the homologous human ABCA7V1599M
variant, and extensive characterization was performed.
microglia show differential gene expression profiles upon lipopolysaccharide challenge and increased phagocytic capacity. Homozygous Abca7V1613M
mice display elevated circulating cholesterol and altered brain lipid composition. When crossed with 5xFAD mice, homozygous Abca7V1613M
mice display fewer Thioflavin S-positive plaques, decreased amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides, and altered amyloid precursor protein processing and trafficking. They also exhibit reduced Aβ-associated inflammation, gliosis, and neuronal damage.
Overall, homozygosity for the Abca7V1613M
variant influences phagocytosis, response to inflammation, lipid metabolism, Aβ pathology, and neuronal damage in mice. This variant may confer a gain of function and offer a protective effect against Alzheimer’s disease-related pathology.

ABCA7 recognized as a top 10 risk gene for developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Loss of function mutations result in increased risk for LOAD.
V1613M variant reduces amyloid beta plaque burden in 5xFAD mice.
V1613M variant modulates APP processing and trafficking in 5xFAD mice.
V1613M variant reduces amyloid beta-associated damage in 5xFAD mice.

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This post is Copyright: Claire A. Butler,
Adrian Mendoza Arvilla,
Giedre Milinkeviciute,
Celia Da Cunha,
Shimako Kawauchi,
Narges Rezaie,
Heidi Y. Liang,
Dominic Javonillo,
Annie Thach,
Shuling Wang,
Sherilyn Collins,
Amber Walker,
Kai‐Xuan Shi,
Jonathan Neumann,
Angela Gomez‐Arboledas,
Caden M. Henningfield,
Lindsay A. Hohsfield,
Mark Mapstone,
Andrea J. Tenner,
Frank M. LaFerla,
Ali Mortazavi,
Grant R. MacGregor,
Kim N. Green | March 20, 2024

Wiley: Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Table of Contents