Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Volume 38, Issue 6, Page 403-412, June 2024. BackgroundStroke survivors are one of the largest consumer groups of rehabilitation services. Despite improvement in daily activities while in inpatient rehabilitation, many have difficulty performing daily activities at home after discharge. The difference in performance between a standard clinical context and at home is poorly understood.ObjectiveTo better understand differences in activity performance during transition from inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) to home, we examined daily activity performance scores from 2 different environments (IRF and home) at the same time point (discharge).MethodsThis was a cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Participants were stroke survivors aged ≥50 who planned to discharge home from the IRF. The Functional Independence Measure and Section GG codes (both converted to International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health scores) were conducted per protocol first at home and then in the IRF at discharge (≤3 days apart, order not randomized).ResultsAmong 57 participants, activity scores at home were significantly worse than scores at IRF discharge. Over 40% of participants had discharge scores indicating no-to-mild impairment for shower/tub transfer, walking, and going up/down stairs, while home visit scores indicated moderate-to-complete impairment for those activities. The greatest differences in scores were for shower/tub transfer (median difference 1.5, 95% CI 1.00-2.00) and going up/down stairs (median difference 1.50, 95% CI 1.00-2.00).ConclusionThe environment plays an important role in stroke survivors’ functioning at home. Future studies should further examine how the environment impacts activity performance upon returning home following stroke.

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This post is Copyright: Emily Somerville | April 11, 2024
SAGE Publications Inc STM: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair: Table of Contents