Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, Volume 38, Issue 6, Page 447-459, June 2024. BackgroundThe prediction of post-stroke language function is essential for the development of individualized treatment plans based on the personal recovery potential of aphasic stroke patients.ObjectiveTo establish a framework for integrating information on connectivity disruption of the language network based on routinely collected clinical magnetic resonance (MR) images into Random Forest modeling to predict post-stroke language function.MethodsLanguage function was assessed in 76 stroke patients from the Non-Invasive Repeated Therapeutic Stimulation for Aphasia Recovery trial, using the Token Test (TT), Boston Naming Test (BNT), and Semantic Verbal Fluency (sVF) Test as primary outcome measures. Individual infarct masks were superimposed onto a diffusion tensor imaging tractogram reference set to calculate Change in Connectivity scores of language-relevant gray matter regions as estimates of structural connectivity disruption. Multivariable Random Forest models were derived to predict language function.ResultsRandom Forest models explained moderate to high amount of variance at baseline and follow-up for the TT (62.7% and 76.2%), BNT (47.0% and 84.3%), and sVF (52.2% and 61.1%). Initial language function and non-verbal cognitive ability were the most important variables to predict language function. Connectivity disruption explained additional variance, resulting in a prediction error increase of up to 12.8% with variable omission. Left middle temporal gyrus (12.8%) and supramarginal gyrus (9.8%) were identified as among the most important network nodes.ConclusionConnectivity disruption of the language network adds predictive value beyond lesion volume, initial language function, and non-verbal cognitive ability. Obtaining information on connectivity disruption based on routine clinical MR images constitutes a significant advancement toward practical clinical application.

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This post is Copyright: Franziska E. Hildesheim | April 11, 2024
SAGE Publications Inc STM: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair: Table of Contents