Early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1) is a basic helix–loop–helix transcription factor essential for the differentiation of various tissues. Our single-cell RNA sequencing data suggest that Ebf1 is expressed in the sensory epithelium of the mouse inner ear. Here, we found that the murine Ebf1 gene and its protein are expressed in the prosensory domain of the inner ear, medial region of the cochlear duct floor, otic mesenchyme, and cochleovestibular ganglion. Ebf1 deletion in mice results in incomplete formation of the spiral limbus and scala tympani, increased number of cells in the organ of Corti and Kölliker’s organ, and aberrant course of the spiral ganglion axons. Ebf1 deletion in the mouse cochlear epithelia caused the proliferation of SOX2-positive cochlear cells at E13.5, indicating that EBF1 suppresses the proliferation of the prosensory domain and cells of Kölliker’s organ to facilitate the development of appropriate numbers of hair and supporting cells. Furthermore, mice with deletion of cochlear epithelium-specific Ebf1 showed poor postnatal hearing function. Our results suggest that Ebf1 is essential for normal auditory function in mammals.

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This post is Copyright: Kagoshima, H., Ohnishi, H., Yamamoto, R., Yasumoto, A., Tona, Y., Nakagawa, T., Omori, K., Yamamoto, N. | February 15, 2024
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