Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a rare type of focal motor seizure characterized by continuous, involuntary muscle contractions in a specific part of the body. These contractions usually involve rhythmic, twitching movements and can last for several hours to days. The seizures are usually limited to one part of the body and can be clonic or dystonic. EPC can affect people of all ages but is more common in children and adolescents. The pathophysiology of EPC is complex and depends on the cause. There are several possible causes of EPC including structural brain abnormalities, infections, metabolic and genetic disorders, inflammatory conditions, traumatic brain injury, and vascular causes. The work-up of EPC includes electroencephalography (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, position emission tomography (PET) scan of the brain, autoimmune antibodies, infection work-up, and metabolic and genetic work-up. The management of EPC can be challenging. Antiseizure medications (ASDs) including benzodiazepines are an integral part of the management of EPC. Immunotherapy trials are recommended in resistant cases. Epilepsy surgery is one of the effective modalities in some surgically amenable cases. This article reviews the topic of EPC and summarizes diagnostic and .treatment recommendations

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This post is Copyright: Muthaffar, O. Y., Alyazidi, A. S. | May 13, 2024
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